Fauna of the valley of the Zilim river

Get to know the local fauna!

Сапсан Falco peregrinus Tunstall a bird of prey from the Falconidae family.

Its wingspan reaches 117 cm.

The average weight of males is 0.7 kg, females — 1.1 kg.

It inhabits on all continents except Antarctica, but everywhere extremely rare.

In warm places, it is a sedentary species. From the Northern nesting grounds it flies to Europe, Asia and South Africa for the winter.

This Falcon prefers mountain forests interspersed with open ones spaces. After learning to catch prey, young peregrine falcons for some time (until mid-August) they hunt with their parents.

The main feed peregrine falcons are birds, but they also catch small animals, they can also feed on carrion.

The Black stork (Ciconia nigra Linnaeus, 1758) – is one of the most mysterious birds living in the Toratau Geopark where it inhabits the valley of the Ryauzyak and Zilim Rivers. This species is included in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation, the Republic of Bashkortostan and many other regions of Russia.

The black stork is a large bird with a wingspan of up to 2 meters. The average weight reaches 3 kg. This bird has bright black plumage, the white color is presented only on the body underside. The paws, beak and leathery ring around the eyes are red in adult birds, and yellow in young ones.

The species is sporadically distributed from southern Spain to Sakhalin. The stork overwinters in the Central and South Africa, India and Southeast Asia. Its way of life is poorly understood. Unlike to the white stork, this timid bird does not like the neighborhood with people and prefers to settle near forest lakes, rivers and mires within dense old-growth forests.

It inhabits the plains and mountainous areas. Black stork does not form colonies. The nests are located in the crowns of large trees.

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